Subaru lubricants, additives and filters

Although different brands oif oil may look the same, and may serve the same functions, quality can vary enormously. The petroleum industry and the auto industry are vast, and there are any number of shady operators offering cheaper products in an attempt to cash in. That's true of all automotive coolants and lubricants. They serve vital functions and if they fail, the results could be disastrous. Trust only tried and tested products, like the Subaru branded line of fluids.

We recommend consulting the owner's manual for all lubricant specifications including levels, types, and specified service intervals. If you have any doubts about correct lubricants, and the manual can't assist, contact All Drive Subaroo or your local Subaru dealership.



Subaru-Engine-Bay


Note: All engine bay fluids are clearly displayed in yellow and should be regularly checked by the owner

Warning: Because of emissions law requirements and the drive to reduce fuel consumption, newer Subarus, and all modern cars, use more oil between services than older models. This means that owners even with brand new Subarus, should regularly check the engine dipstick. Subarus do not have an oil level light or gauge. If levels drop low enough to cause loss of oil pressure, the first warning you get will be the oil pressure warning light, and by then it might be too late to avoid catastrophic engine failure.

Your Subaru depends on a range of fluids and lubricants for smooth operation, ranging from vital engine oils and coolants, to fuel additives and engine cleaners. Subaru engines are built to exacting tolerances and the quality and viscosity of the oils used is critical to reliable operation. Your brake system should only use the best quality brake fluids, and the Subaru boxer engine demands use of particular engine cleaners and additives at regular intervals to ensure smooth operation. Here are a list of the fluids Subaru recommends in servicing your Subaru

Subaru upper engine maintenance (SA 459)

Boxer engines are all prone to heavy carbon build up in the combustion chambers, and Subaru boxer engines are no exception. It's essential to de-coke the Subaru boxer engines (particularly turbo models) at the correct intervals, or a number of running problems arise, including overheating, pre-ignition (knocking), engine run-on, and diminished performance. We at ADS take care of these things on time in our log book servicing schedule, using only Subaru recommended upper engine cleaner products.

Subaru-Upper-Engine-Cleaner

Some of the benefits are:

  • Smooth running
  • Reduced pollution and improved fuel consumption
  • Removal of gum, varnish and carbon deposits that cause pinging
  • Maintenance of optimum vehicle performance.

Subaru fuel additive (SA718)

Some additives in Australian fuels cause flakes of carbon to fall off the combustion chamber surfaces. Because the boxer engine has its cylinders lying on their sides, when the engine is not running, these particles fall onto the seat of the open exhaust valves and may prevent them from fully closing when the time comes to start the engine. This lowers compression and prevents the engine from starting. The spark plug gets soaked in unburned fuel and this also prevents starting even if the carbon particles becomes dislodged during the cranking. If the engine starts it often runs roughly for a while as the excess fuel is burnt off. Subaru fuel additive, SA718, counters the additive in the fuel and stops the carbon from flaking.

Subaru-Fuel-Additive

Some of the benefits are:

  • Long-term smooth power delivery
  • Lower pollution and fuel consumption
  • Prevention of gum, varnish and carbon build-up that causes pinging
  • Optimal vehicle performance.

Subaru Engine lubricating oil: two types of oil, many varieties

The different Subaru models and the different petrol and diesel engines have different recommended oils. Oils serve two vital functions: lubrication and cooling. If the oil does not do its job well, the results will be increased engine wear, lower performance, sludge and varnish accumulation inside the engine, and in extreme cases, engine failure. Broadly, there are two types of engine oil; mineral and synthetic. Most commonly the SOHC non-turbo engines use mineral 10W30 oil, and the new FA and FB engines use 0W20 synthetic oil. All EJ turbo engines for standard application use the 5W30 synthetic. It is critical to check the manual for the correct oil.

While Subaru specify oil changes at intervals of 12,500 kilometres, ADS recommends more frequent changes especially with turbo models and city driving.

Subaru Mineral oil

Up until the 1980s oils were all petroleum products, made from the same crude oil from which your fuel is refined. These oils serve their function well enough, to varying degrees, but get dirty very quickly, lose their viscosity quickly, and contribute to sludge build-up inside engines. They also break down under pressure and temperature extremes. This type of oil has to be changed frequently.

Subaru Synthetic oil

With the advent of synthetic oils, many of the problems of mineral oils were solved. Synthetic oil consists of chemical compounds which are artificially made (synthesized) using chemically modified petroleum components rather than whole crude oil. Synthetic oils were developed for aircraft jet engines because they reduce friction and wear on engine parts. Synthetic oil is able to function dependably at the extreme pressures and temperatures of a jet engine and withstand extreme and lengthy engine operation without losing viscosity.

Subaroo

Some of the benefits are:

  • Measurably better low and high temperature viscosity performance
  • Better chemical & shear stability
  • Decreased evaporative loss
  • Resistance to oxidation, thermal breakdown and oil sludge problems
  • Extended drain intervals with the environmental benefit of less oil waste
  • Improved fuel economy
  • Better lubrication on cold start
  • Longer engine life
  • Lower long-term costs

Subaru have developed their own range of synthetic oils as below:

5W30synthetic oil in EJ turbo engines.
5W30 ACEA-C3 special diesel oil for Subaru diesel engines

All Drive Subaroo also recommend that high-output tuned engines, such as the ADS built Cosworth engine, use 10W60 Castrol synthetic We at ADS use only Subaru or Castrol recommended synthetic engine oils for all applications.

Subaru Brake fluid

Subaru-Brake-Fluid-Reservoir

Genuine Subaru Brake Fluid is a premium DOT4 fluid optimised for your vehicle's brake components. It maintains a high boiling point and avoids vaporisation even in the most severe operating conditions, providing superior braking performance, protection against metal corrosion, superior high temperature stability and reduced sedimentation in the system. Subaru brake fluid is specifically formulated for optimum performance in Subaru braking systems. We at ADS use only genuine Subaru brake fluids. Brake fluid should be changed at 50,000 kms or two year intervals for all Subaru models.

The benefits of using genuine Subaru brake fluid include:

  • More reliable heavy load brake operation
  • No brake fade under heavy braking
  • Long service life of cylinders and callipers
  • Reduced costs over the life of the vehicle

Subaru Auto Transmission oil

Subaroo

There are three kinds of Subaru auto transmission fluid in use currently. One is the Dextron 3 mineral oil used in the 4AT. With the introduction of the 5AT Subaru went to the Transmax X which is premium automatic transmission fluid specifically designed for use in 5AT Subaru vehicles. Most recently Subaru has brought in the CVT fluid which is much more commonly used currently and is very expensive, but comes with a lifetime service life.

Premium Subaru transmission fluids deliver benefits in three areas:

Outstanding cold flow properties

  • Rapid oil flow to all critical transmission components (i.e. torque converter, friction plates, planetary gears)
  • More responsive and comfortable gear shifts. Minimises 'shift shock' when gear shifts occur at low temperature. Reduced torque loss increases efficiency, which means less fuel consumption and lower emissions.

Optimised frictional characteristics

  • Smoother gear shifts at all ambient temperatures and load conditions
  • Consistent frictional properties improve driver comfort and provide extended anti shudder durability for smooth gear changes

Excellent anti-foam performance

  • Ensures proper lubrication and no loss of fluid through breather
  • Avoids erratic transmission operation, reduces risk of seizures.
  • Superior seal performance
  • Helps avoid oil leakages, extending seal life and reducing repair costs

Subaru Gearbox/Diff oil

Subaroo

Manual gearboxes are very different from automatics. A manual gearbox in a Subaru contains meshed gears transferring power from the engine in differing ratios to the front, center and rear diffs, thence to the wheels. The gears are under high operating forces and turn at high speeds. Gearbox oil serves to cool and lubricate the gears, making the box run quietly and allowing for smooth gear changes. Without a high quality oil, gears will generate excessive friction, overheat, and wear out prematurely. Subarus, with their AWD systems, have different lubrication requirements from most manufacturers.

Subaru recommends two different kinds of gear oil, depending on whether it's used in the front or rear diff, with or without LSD. Subaru's premium mineral automotive gear oils are manufactured with modern extreme pressure additives making them suitable for some Limited Slip and all Hypoid type differentials. They can also be used in manual gearboxes, transaxles and transfer cases.

  • Gear Oil 75W-90or 80W-90 meets the requirements of API GL-5/6 and MT-1.
  • Gear oil LS90 meets AGL-5 performance and is suitable for LSD type rear diffs.

Front diff

The front diff in an automatic Subaru is different in terms of lubrication from the manual. Both are at the front of the gearbox, but in the manual the gearbox shares oil with the front diff, while the automatic transmission and diff use different oils. All autos and manuals come out from the factory with an open hemisphere and use 80W90 gear oil.

Center diff

The center diff is located in the same position in autos and manuals, but operates differently in each case. All manual transmissions share the same 80W90 oil as the centre diff and all autos share the Dexton 3 transmission oil. Oil level in each case is checked using the tranmssion/gearbox dipstick.

Rear diff

There are several different types of rear diffs fitted to Subaru vehicles. The R160 and the FHI diff are most commonly used with or without LSD and use 80W90 gear oil, All STI models that use R180 require special LS90 gear oil.

Subaru Coolant

Subaru-Engine-Coolant

The coolant in modern cars is an important component of the cooling system, and serves several functions in addition to transferring heat from the engine to the air via the radiator and cooling fans. The coolant inhibits corrosion, conditions and preserves rubber hoses and pipes, and lubricates the water pump. It has to perform in environmental temperatures from below freezing to 50 degrees Celsius.

Like all fluids, it degrades over time and with use, and has to be periodically replaced. There are two types of coolant available for Subarus: Green, and long-life blue. All Subarus from 1991 to 2005, including engines EJ22, EJ20, EJ25 and EZ30 all use the green coolant. Most models from 2005 came with the long life blue coolant.

The green coolant acts as a corrosion inhibiter and anti-freeze and has a service life of around 50,000 kilometres. The blue coolant is more concentrated, and includes Silica. It's good for double the service life of the green coolant and change is recommended at 150,000 kilometres. The two varieties should not be mixed.

Characteristics of the green coolant:

  • Protection against cooling system corrosion
  • Protection against cavitation in water pumps and hot spots
  • Excellent cold weather protection. Subaru Genuine Engine Coolant reduces the risk of coolant freezing and severely damaging engines and/or radiators
  • Excellent HOT weather protection. Subaru Genuine Engine Coolant helps prevent engine coolant boiling, leading to coolant loss and possible engine damage
  • Replacement at 2 years or 50,000 kilometres, whichever comes first

Characteristics of the blue coolant:

  • Improved protection against cooling system corrosion by being specifically designed for Subaru engines
  • Suppresses cooling system freezing
  • Improved cavitation protection of water pumps and aluminium engine components
  • Specifically formulated and recommended for use in Subaru engines from MY09
  • Compatible with aluminium, rubber and synthetic components of the Subaru cooling system
  • Pre-mixed and ready-to-use
  • Replacement at 6 years or 150,000 kilometres, whichever comes first.

Niazi Helou

The Director of All Drive Subaroo workshop explains

"Clutch replacement is not as simple as it used to be. Before we install a new Subaru clutch the owner needs to consider all these variables to be sure that the Subaru clutch meets his needs." He adds, "It's unfortunate, but quite a few Subaru mechanics and Subaru workshops are giving out incorrect information or getting a competitive advantage by fitting cheap after-market clutch kits rather than the more expensive genuine Subaru units and then leaving the customer to pick up the pieces. You have to know exactly what you're buying before you shell out all those dollars."

SUBARU LUBRICANTS PACKAGE CHOICES

All Drive Subaroo offers a range of cleaning, fluid change and flushing services for cooling sytems, engine lubicant systems and geabox systems.

Maintenance package 1

From $349 plus GST

Engine Decarb Service

  • 90 point vehicle maintenance inspection
  • Perform fuel injector on-car clean
  • Supply and add to fuel tank SA718 fuel additive
  • Supply and apply SA459 engine upper cleaner
  • ECU scan and check
  • Quality control check and road test

Maintenance package 2

From $139 plus GST

Power Steering Flush/Service

  • 90 point vehicle maintenance inspection
  • Supply genuine Subaru Dexron 3 fluid
  • Supply power steering suction hose (optional)
  • Drain and replace power steering fluid
  • remove and replace suction hose (optional)
  • Quality control check and road test

Maintenance package 3

From $89 plus GST

Brake Fluid Flush/Service

  • 90 point vehicle maintenance inspection
  • Supply genuine Subaru Dot 4 brake fluid
  • Drain flush and replace brake fluid
  • Bleed system and check
  • Quality control check and road test

Maintenance package 4

From $299 plus GST

Transmission Flush/Service

  • 90 point vehicle maintenance inspection
  • Supply genuine Subaru Dexron 3 fluid
  • Drain and flush auto transmission (optional new filter)
  • Refill transmission with new fluid
  • Perform transmission re-learn
  • Quality control check and road test

Maintenance package 5

From $199 plus GST

Coolant Flush/Service

  • 90 point vehicle maintenance inspection
  • Supply new genuine coolant
  • Drain and flush cooling system
  • Replace hoses as required (optional)
  • refill and bleed cooling system
  • Quality control check and road test

enquire or book an appointment now

For further information use our convenient online enquiry form, and one of our specialised technician will call you to discuss your enquiry. Remember, the more specific details you can provide, the more accurate our assessment will be. Alternatively, call us any time in business hours and talk to Niazi on (02) 9915-9900 or 0420 319 049.

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